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*Working Draft of Chicanao and Latinao Departments and Programs*
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from Alicante, Spain
Me acordé de ti cuando vi esta noticia en el "Mefístófles" de San
Francisco ( Edit. Julio González Arce) del 18-V-1918 sobre una huelga
de 200 braceros mexicanos de la remolacha en la zona de Salinas.Vi en
algunas historias de Salinas que no se menciona esto. Puede que haya
gente que no la considera relevante en la historia de esa comunidad. A
mi me parece interesante porque ,aunque le llama "separación del
trabajo", era una huelga en toda regla y por las razones que se
explican muy bien en la nota: mal tratamiento, ruptura del contrato
original, semiesclavitud, militarización,etc.¡Vaya panorama! Esto es
más fuerte que la descripción frívola y superficial que hace Steinbeck
de las condiciones sociales de los trabajadores de la zona en las
Unedited Inventory of Chicanao Studies and Latinao Studies programs
Gretchen Livingston, Hispanics
, Health Insurance and Health Care Access, Pew Hispanic Center, September 25, 2009
Lisa E. Soronen, “Legal Issues
for School Districts Related to the Education of
Undocumented Children,” Article IV, Section 1.2 ,Beliefs & Policies of the National School Boards Association, (Alexandria, Virginia: National School Boards Association.
National School Boards Association, 2009).
Dr. Raul Hinojosa Ojeda, Albert Jacquez, and Dr. Paule Cruz Takash
The End of the American Dream for Blacks and Latinos How the Home Mortgage Crisis is Destroying Black and Latino Wealth, Jeopardizing America’s Future Prosperity and How to Fix It, Willie Velasquez Institute, June 2009,
I. Every ten years, the U.S. government conducts a national census to determine how many people live in the United States. The count is very important. On the basis of the tally the government allocates funds to the states, and determines how many representatives states are entitled to in the House of Representatives. The census is also used to allocate entitlements such as money for education. The 2010 U.S. Census has already been politicized by anti-immigrant politicos and organizations that do not want to count immigrants, fearing that their numbers will give Mexican Americans and Latinos too much power. Wrangling over the census led to President Barack Obama’s Secretary of Commerce Nominee, Republican Senator Judd Gregg, to withdraw his nomination when the administration of the census count was moved to directly report to the president instead of the secretary of commerce. This section lists websites showing where to find out more about the census and other survey studies on Chicanas/os.
1) Hispanic Population of the United States, U.S. Census Bureau
2) U.S. Hispanic Population: 2006
3) Population: Elderly, Racial and Hispanic Origin Population Profiles
4) Social and Economic Characteristics of the Hispanic Population: 2007
II. Another source is the Pew Hispanic Center that was founded in 2001 to study the impact of the U.S. Latino population, and to conduct surveys on their attitudes. It calls itself a nonpartisan "fact tank" In less than a decade it has conducted numerous studies, and has become the premier organization on these types of studies.
The following are selected studies; over the next months we will present further items leading up to its analysis of the 2010 Census.
1) Latinos Account for Half of U.S. Population Growth Since 2000, October 23, 2008
Since 2000 Latinos count for slightly more that fifty percent (50.5%) of the overall population growth in the United States. As of 2007, Latinos accounted for 15.1 percent of the total U.S. population. The report analyzes the U.S. Census county by county count and documents the national spread of Latinos.
2) Felisa Gonzales, Hispanic Women in the United States, 2007, May 14, 2008
Shows that 48 percent of Latin women were born in the United States. “Among immigrant Hispanic women, 57% have arrived since 1990. Six-in-ten Hispanic women immigrants were born in Mexico.” There are statistics on their median age, education and fertility rates. It is a good thumb nail portrait of Latin women. The report by Felisa Gonzales is more extensive – 28 pages.
3) Mark Hugo López, Gretchen Livingston, and Rakesh Kochhar, “Hispanics and the Economic Downturn: Housing Woes and Remittance Cuts,” January 8, 2009.
Mexicans living in the United States sent $23.1 billion back home in 2006. Re
third after oil and maquiladora exports in its economy. Remittances have driven economic growth and contributed to economic stability in the region. Central American immigrants sent $11,047 billion that year, representing at least 10 percent of the Central American gross domestic product. The economic depression has slowed these payments as over half of foreign-born Latino homeowners worried about foreclosures on their homes. Over 70 percent have cut down the remittances sent to relatives and friends.
Los Angeles Times, Immigration March, 2006
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